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Foreign investment attraction is one of the main priorities for the Latvian government, said K. Kariņš, promising to address the existing challenges which lead to investment departure and to reduce barriers for new investment attraction. In the meeting with foreign investors, the Prime Minister of Latvia stressed that the government's aim is to ensure that the legal framework is sound, that tax regime makes sense, is simple and fair, and that the government helps and does not hinder foreign investment attraction.
As the most important priority, Mr. Kariņš highlighted the clean-up and reforms of Latvia's finance sector and restoring its reputation, which has been severely damaged by money laundering schemes exposed over the last year. The Prime Minister listed a number of measures taken to restructure Latvia's financial sector, ensure a better supervision and control by making changes to the management of the Finance and Capital Market Commission (FCMC) and amending laws which deal with anti-money laundering issues. In the field of tax policy, as a concrete example Mr. Kariņš highlighted government's commitment not to carry out any tax reforms in 2020, but to start the work on tax reforms for 2021, with the main aim of making tax policy simpler and fairer, and providing entrepreneurs with a six-month preparatory period for the introduction of the new tax regime.
According to Mr. Kariņš, Latvia needs one or two world-class higher education institutions with regional branches and faculties, rather than those 50 currently existent educational institutions which lack resources to provide a globally competitive education.
The Prime Minister pointed out that Latvia is currently allocating 9% of its GDP to education, which is one of the highest indicators in Europe, while the country lags significantly behind in the quality of education. "We don't get the top value for what we invest. We need fewer, but larger schools," said Mr. Kariņš, pointing out that it would help ensure a higher quality of education for all.
In response to a question of specific measures taken by the government in the field of combating corruption, Mr. Kariņš noted the work undertaken on the political party financing model from the state budget, which would help ensure greater independence of political parties from donors and reduce the influence of donors on decision-making at the Latvian government and Parliament.
The Prime Minister of Latvia also emphasized Latvian government's commitment in the area of environmental protection and reduction of CO2 emissions by leaving the "polluters' club", whose economies heavily rely on consumption of oil and natural gas, and moving towards increased use of renewable resources in the economy. In the view of Mr. Kariņš, such a change of direction would help and encourage development of new green technologies in Latvia, mentioning Denmark as an example in the field of renewable resources policy.
Regarding the growing labor shortage, the Prime Minister said that the government supports smart immigration and is convinced that successful implementation of reforms mentioned above will improve labor mobility and thus Latvia will be able to attract both re-emigrants and specialists from other countries.
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Gundars Ziemanis, Latvia branch Country Manager, Siemens Healthineers